As mentioned, for income tax withholding purposes, accident and health insurance premiums need to be treated as shareholder compensation—which means that premiums for the shareholder’s health benefits need to be included as wages on the shareholder’s form W-2.
(A 2-percent shareholder is someone who owns more than 2 percent of the outstanding stock of the corporation or stock possessing more than 2 percent of the total combined voting power of all stock of the corporation.)
What is 2% S Corp?
What is a 2% shareholder? According to the IRS, a 2% S corporation shareholder is someone who owns more than 2% of the company’s stock at any time during the year. This also applies to individuals who own more than 2% of the company’s voting power. S Corp shareholders include individuals, trusts, or estates.
As long as health insurance premiums are paid and reported correctly, 2 percent shareholders can take a line deduction for their health insurance plan on Form 1040—the Self-Employed Health Insurance Deduction.
The health insurance premiums paid by the S corporation are reported on Form W-2, Box 14 S. This is the amount the shareholder deducts on page 1 of Form 1040, line 29 (Self- employed health insurance deduction)
Does health insurance show up on W-2?
The Affordable Care Act requires employers to report the cost of coverage under an employer-sponsored group health plan on an employee’s Form W-2, Wage and Tax Statement, in Box 12, using Code DD.
Is Scorp medical taxable?
S-corporations can provide health insurance as a tax-free benefit to its non-owner employees. This means the company offers group health insurance to employees and deducts the cost as a business expense, paying no taxes on the insurance premiums.
The health insurance premiums paid on behalf of more-than-2% S corporation shareholder-employees are deductible and reportable by the S corporation as wages, the payments are included in the shareholder’s wages for income tax purposes, and the benefits are not subject to Social Security or Medicare (FICA) or …
A 2% shareholder is not considered an employee for fringe benefit purposes and so cannot exclude the cost of the premiums from gross income as employer-provided coverage under an accident or health plan.
Where do S-corp owner deduct health insurance?
The business must pay the S-corp owner’s premiums directly.
If the S-corp owner does qualify, they can deduct their premiums on Form 1040, line 29. S-corp owners can use this method to deduct premiums for accident, dental, and long-term care policies as well as for health insurance policies.
How much salary should S-corp owner take?
A commonly touted strategy to set your S Corp salary is to split revenue between your salary and distributions — 60% as salary, 40% as distributions. Another common rule, dubbed the 50/50 Salary Rule is even simpler, with 50% of the business income paid in salary and 50% in profit distribution.
Is C corp or S-corp better?
C corporations can have foreign owners, unlimited shareholders, and multiple classes of stock. Winner: C corps. S corps are suited for smaller, domestic businesses that want to treat all owners the same way. C corps give companies unlimited growth potential and flexible options for ownership and profit distribution.
Since 2% shareholders are treated as self-employed individuals and not employees, they may not participate in a Section 125 cafeteria plan. This means they are ineligible to make pretax contributions for insurance, FSAs and/or HSAs.
Nontaxable fringe benefits
Qualified dependent care assistance up to $5,000 (but tax-free benefits are not available if more than 25% of benefits paid during the year are provided to individuals who own more than 5%) Qualified retirement planning services. No-additional-cost services. Qualified employee discounts.
Can a C Corp pay health insurance premiums for owners?
C corporation health insurance deductions can be taken for health plan premiums paid for shareholders, employees, and their families, no matter how large or small the corporation may be.
When you view the W-2 Summary Report or download the actual W-2 form, the year-to-date S Corp Health contributions will be added to the total in Box 1 for federal taxable wages, Box 16 for state taxable wages, and Box 14, with the label “SEHI” for Shareholder Employee Health Insurance.
How does S Corp handle health insurance on w2?
The amount of the premiums must be included in your employee wages on your annual Form W-2, and you must include the amount as wages on your Form 1040. Your S corporation deducts the amount as employee compensation on its own return.
Health Insurance Premiums for a more than 2% shareholder of a S-Corporation are reported in Box 14 of the individual’s Form W-2 Wage and Tax Statement.