Hispaniola, Spanish La Española, second largest island of the West Indies, lying within the Greater Antilles, in the Caribbean Sea. It is divided politically into the Republic of Haiti (west) and the Dominican Republic (east).
One island, two worlds
The Caribbean island of Hispaniola is home to two countries: Haiti and the Dominican Republic.
Haiti and the Dominican Republic share the island of Hispaniola, where Christopher Columbus established the first European settlement in 1492.
How is Haiti different from Dominican?
Although Christopher Columbus colonized the entire island in the name of Spain, the languages slowly but steadily diverged. The Eastern half, which would become the Dominican Republic retained the Spanish language while the Western Half, modern day Haiti developed a French-influenced Creole as the common tongue.
Is there a border between Dominican Republic and Haiti?
The Dominican Republic–Haiti border is an international border between the Dominican Republic and the Republic of Haiti on the island of Hispaniola. Extending from the Caribbean Sea in the south to the Atlantic Ocean in the north, the 391 km border was agreed upon in the 1929 Dominican-Haitian border treaty.
What island is next to Haiti?
Haiti, country in the Caribbean Sea that includes the western third of the island of Hispaniola and such smaller islands as Gonâve, Tortue (Tortuga), Grande Caye, and Vache. The capital is Port-au-Prince.
Why don t the Haitians go to the Dominican Republic?
In the 21st century, illegal Haitian immigration into the Dominican Republic keeps tensions high — many Dominicans fear losing their country via ethnic replacement. Many Haitians migrate due to poverty and unrest in their own country.
What happened to Hispaniola?
Within twenty-five years of Columbus’ arrival in Haiti, most of the Taíno had died from enslavement, massacre, or disease. By 1514, only 32,000 Taíno survived in Hispaniola.
|1492-93. Click to enlarge.||Mid-16th Century. Click to enlarge.|
|18th Century. Click to enlarge.||1754. Click to enlarge.|
What was the original name of Hispaniola?
Geography. Hispaniola, originally known as Española, is the second largest island in the West Indies, lying within the Greater Antilles. It is politically divided into the Republic of Haiti in the west and the Dominican Republic in the east.
Why Haiti is so poor?
One reason why Haiti suffers more than its neighbours from natural disasters like hurricanes and flooding is its massive deforestation, under way in the country since the time of the French occupation, she says. “The French didn’t manage the land at all well,” she says. “The process of soil erosion really began then.
Can you visit Haiti from Dominican Republic?
You can fly in internationally or also on a flight from the Dominican Republic to Haiti with Sunrise Airways. Land: Fly direct to Santiago or Santo Domingo in the Dominican Republic. Take an Uber or taxi to Caribe Bus Tours terminals in Santiago or Santo Domingo and catch the bus to Haiti.
Where is the island of Haiti?
Located between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, Haiti occupies the western one-third of the island of Hispaniola. The Dominican Republic borders Haiti on the eastern side of the island. Haiti’s closest neighbors include Jamaica to the west and Cuba to the northwest.
What language do Haitians speak?